Disorders of Pigmentation

Mar 11, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Disorders of Pigmentation

Although chiefly of cosmetic significance, disorders of pigmentation are among the most conspicuous and thus can have profound psychosocial implications for pediatric patients. The most important pigments in skin are…

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Skin Disorders Caused by Fungi

Mar 11, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Skin Disorders Caused by Fungi

Fungi are a group of simple plants that lack flowers, leaves, and chlorophyll and get their nourishment from dead or living organic matter, thus depending on plants, animals, and humans…

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The Hypersensitivity Syndromes

Mar 11, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on The Hypersensitivity Syndromes

The hypersensitivity syndromes are a group of disorders mediated by immunologic or hypersensitivity reactions to foreign proteins such as food or drugs, or to infectious agents, immunizations, and malignancies. Although…

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Collagen Vascular Disorders

Mar 11, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Collagen Vascular Disorders

The connective tissue (collagen vascular, rheumatic) disorders represent a group of diseases characterized by inflammatory changes of the connective tissue in various parts of the body. Among these, juvenile idiopathic…

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Abuse and Factitial Disorders

Mar 11, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Abuse and Factitial Disorders

Child Abuse Child abuse is a broad term used to describe a spectrum of nonaccidental trauma inflicted upon children. Kempe et al. are generally credited with emphasizing the prevalence and importance…

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Vascular Disorders of Infancy and Childhood

Mar 11, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Vascular Disorders of Infancy and Childhood

Classification of Vascular Lesions Vascular birthmarks, or congenital vascular anomalies, are common lesions that may present in a variety of fashions. There has traditionally been a significant amount of confusion…

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Infestations, Bites, and Stings

Mar 11, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Infestations, Bites, and Stings

Parasites are a fascinating and important cause of skin disease in children. They produce their effects in various ways: mechanical trauma from bites or stings, injection of pharmacologically active substances…

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Endocrine Disorders and the Skin

Mar 11, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Endocrine Disorders and the Skin

Endocrinologic diseases often display cutaneous features that may provide diagnostic clues, and patients with these disorders may be more susceptible to a variety of mucocutaneous problems. Some of these conditions…

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Vasculitic Disorders

Mar 11, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Vasculitic Disorders

The term vasculitis refers to inflammation of blood vessels, a finding that can be seen in association with a variety of clinical manifestations and as either a primary or secondary…

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Skin Signs of Other Systemic Diseases

Mar 11, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Skin Signs of Other Systemic Diseases

Primary Immunodeficiency Disorders Recurrent infections, including those involving the skin, raise the possibility that a child has an immune deficiency. The most common cause of immunodeficiency in children is acquired…

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