Dermatology

Diseases and Disorders

Sep 22, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Diseases and Disorders

Abstract This chapter organizes diseases alphabetically for quick reference. Each disease is covered with sections that include General Comments (including the definition and etiology), Keys to Diagnosis (clinical manifestations and…

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Evaluation of Skin Disorders

Sep 22, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Evaluation of Skin Disorders

Abstract Dermatology is best approached by classifying cutaneous and oral disorders by the primary lesion (e.g., macule, tumor) and the distribution of lesions (e.g., facial, axillary, and oral). Primary lesions…

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Differential Diagnosis

Sep 22, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Differential Diagnosis

Abstract Although a very broad differential diagnosis can be reached by the type of primary lesion, it can be honed by adding various descriptive terms such as color (e.g., brown…

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Cutaneous Manifestations of Internal Disease

Sep 22, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Cutaneous Manifestations of Internal Disease

Abstract This appendix includes photographs of cutaneous manifestations of internal diseases broken into broad categories, including endocrine/metabolic, hematologic, rheumatologic, gastrointestinal, neurocutaneous, infectious, and renal diseases. Also included is a section…

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Nail Diseases

Sep 22, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Nail Diseases

Abstract Nails disorders, in addition to being a disease sui generis (e.g., onychomycosis), can also be a marker for an internal disorder. For example, clubbing may be a manifestation of…

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Stings and Bites

Sep 22, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Stings and Bites

Abstract The skin serves as a protection from the arthropods, parasites, and animals and, as such, frequently demonstrates cutaneous manifestations. This appendix demonstrates common arthropod reactions on the skin, such…

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Topical Steroids

Sep 22, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Topical Steroids

Abstract Topical steroids (corticosteroids) are the most important treatment option for many inflammatory disorders. This appendix divides topical corticosteroids into super high, high, intermediate, and low-potency categories for quick reference….

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Botulinum Toxin

Sep 17, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Botulinum Toxin

Abstract For over thirty years, botulinum neurotoxins (BoNTs) have been used for therapeutic and cosmetic applications. Of the five formulations of BoNT type A (BoNT-A) available worldwide, three have been…

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Surgical Complications and Optimizing Outcomes

Sep 17, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Surgical Complications and Optimizing Outcomes

Abstract Complications in dermatologic surgery range from inconsequential to life-threatening and from unpredictable to entirely avoidable. Bleeding, infection and poor wound healing are of particular concern. Thorough preoperative assessment, careful…

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Phlebology and Treatment of Leg Veins

Sep 17, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Phlebology and Treatment of Leg Veins

Abstract The venous system of the lower extremities is a complex, interconnected network consisting of large- and small-caliber vessels. Incompetence within this system manifests clinically as visible telangiectasias, reticular veins,…

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