Dermatology

Patient Evaluation: History and Physical Examination

Apr 10, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Patient Evaluation: History and Physical Examination

Introduction: Organization of Clinical Examination The first step is to investigate the patient’s presenting complaint and history in the context of their general medical and vascular history. The physical examination…

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Self-Assessment

Mar 20, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Self-Assessment

Abstract The following case studies are presented to reinforce what you have learned from reading Principles of Dermatology . Chapter Contents Case 1 – White Spots What Is the Most…

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Hair Disorders

Mar 20, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Hair Disorders

Abstract The evaluation of a patient with hair loss requires a detailed history, physical examination, and, in some cases, laboratory tests and biopsy ( Table 20.1 ). Important elements of…

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Mucous Membrane Disorders

Mar 20, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Mucous Membrane Disorders

Abstract Examination of the oral cavity can provide important diagnostic information for dermatologic diagnosis and therefore should be included in every skin examination. A variety of skin disorders can be…

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Dermal Induration

Mar 20, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Dermal Induration

Abstract Induration represents dermal thickening resulting in skin that feels thicker or firmer than normal. Scleroderma is the disease that best exemplifies this process. All of the diseases included in…

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Skin Signs of Systemic Disease

Mar 20, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Skin Signs of Systemic Disease

Abstract The skin can be the window to systemic diseases. The presenting cutaneous symptoms and signs will lead the clinician to a more focused differential diagnosis and thus aid in…

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Nail Disorders

Mar 20, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Nail Disorders

Abstract The nail is a specialized keratinized appendage found on the dorsum of each finger and toe. It protects the distal phalanx against trauma, is used for fine grasping and…

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Purpura

Mar 20, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Purpura

Abstract The word purpura is derived from the Latin word for “purple,” a clinical characteristic that helps to differentiate the lesion from erythema, which is red. Blanchability is the clinical…

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Ulcers

Mar 20, 2019 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Ulcers

Abstract Ulcers have multiple causes, including vascular diseases, neoplasms, hematologic disorders, drug-induced, connective tissue diseases, neurologic disorders, infections, physical etiologies, and idiopathic. The history and physical may point to the…

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