Cutaneous Manifestations of Systemic Disease

Jul 13, 2017 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Cutaneous Manifestations of Systemic Disease

Fig. 24.1 A baby with failure to thrive and poor wound healing after delayed separation of umbilical stump Fig. 24.2 Treatment-resistant thrush in undifferentiated immunodeficiency disorder Table 24.1 Clinical cutaneous…

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Disorders of Hair and Nail

Jul 13, 2017 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Disorders of Hair and Nail

Trichorrhexis invaginata Microscopic examination of hair shaft: bamboo hair. Hair shaft with multiple knots resembling the ball-and-cup joint of bamboo Dermoscopy: nodular swellings at irregular intervals, ball-shaped knots similar to…

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Hereditary Disorders of Cornification

Jul 13, 2017 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Hereditary Disorders of Cornification

Inherited ichthyoses Non-syndromic Mode of inheritance Genes Common ichthyoses Ichthyosis vulgaris Autosomal semi dominant FLG Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis Harlequin ichthyosis Autosomal recessive ABCA12 Lamellar ichthyosis Autosomal recessive TGM1/NIPAL4/ALOX12B/ABCA12 Congenital…

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Disorders of Pigmentation

Jul 13, 2017 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Disorders of Pigmentation

For diagnosis  Clinical evaluation  Biopsy rarely needed for confirmation  Genetic screen for mucopolysaccharidoses in extensive cases For treatment  Tincture of time—most lesions resolve by age 6 years The most common…

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Infectious Diseases: Superficial Fungal Infections

Jul 13, 2017 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Infectious Diseases: Superficial Fungal Infections

Fig. 16.1 Tinea corporis. Erythematous plaque with elevated border Fig. 16.2 Majocchi’s granuloma. Folliculocentric papules and pustules within a thin plaque with an expanding, elevated border on the cheek of…

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Hereditary Disorders of the Dermis

Jul 13, 2017 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Hereditary Disorders of the Dermis

Fig. 6.1 Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Increased skin laxity Fig. 6.2 Ehlers-Danlos syndrome. Widened fish-mouth scar with atrophic skin on the leg The clinical features of vascular EDS can be very subtle,…

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Inborn Metabolic Disorders and Endocrine Disorders

Jul 13, 2017 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Inborn Metabolic Disorders and Endocrine Disorders

Fig. 23.1 Alternating bands of light and dark color along hair fibers indicative of periods of protein deficiency in phenylketonuria (Courtesy of Dr. Maureen Rogers) Specific Investigations Newborn screening (tandem…

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Management of Skin Disorders of the Newborn

Jul 13, 2017 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Management of Skin Disorders of the Newborn

For diagnosis  Clinical–facial eruption of pustules that begins at age 5–30 days. It resembles neonatal acne but lacks comedones and is associated with colonization with Malassezia  Giemsa stain–yeast form, neutrophils…

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Photosensitivity and Photoreaction

Jul 13, 2017 by in Dermatology Comments Off on Photosensitivity and Photoreaction

Fig. 21.1 Solar urticaria on back soon after sun exposure Management Strategies General management of solar urticaria includes use of protective clothing, broad spectrum UVA/UVB sunscreens, and avoidance of exposure…

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