6.3 TRAM/DIEP Flap

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 6.3 TRAM/DIEP Flap

10.1055/b-0034-66793 6.3 TRAM/DIEP Flap Fig. 6.23 The vascular supply to the rectus abdominis muscles from the inferior epigastric artery, with arterial arcades above and below the umbilicus. The diagram shows…

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5 Breast Deformities

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 5 Breast Deformities

10.1055/b-0034-66789 5 Breast Deformities As mentioned earlier, the breast—viewed as a fundamental symbol of femininity—is extremely important in a woman’s life, forming an integral part of her physical and psychological…

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6.2 Latissimus Dorsi Flap

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 6.2 Latissimus Dorsi Flap

10.1055/b-0034-66792 6.2 Latissimus Dorsi Flap Principles The discovery and use of the latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for breast reconstruction during the early and mid-1970s by German plastic surgeons (Mühlbauer and…

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6.1 Implants/Expanders

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 6.1 Implants/Expanders

10.1055/b-0034-66791 6.1 Implants/Expanders The technique of tissue expansion, which was introduced by Radovan in the 1980 s and further developed by Argenta, paved the way for the use of implants…

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6.4 SGAP Flap

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 6.4 SGAP Flap

10.1055/b-0034-66794 6.4 SGAP Flap[Gagnon\, Alain R., Blondeel\, Phillip N.] It is well accepted that autogenous breast reconstruction can provide the most natural and long-lasting results. Nowadays, the abdomen constitutes the…

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6.5 Free Transverse Myocutaneous Gracilis Flap

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 6.5 Free Transverse Myocutaneous Gracilis Flap

10.1055/b-0034-66795 6.5 Free Transverse Myocutaneous Gracilis Flap[Schoeller\, Thomas, Wechselberger\, Gottfried] The transverse myocutaneous gracilis (TMG) flap is a relatively new method in breast reconstruction. Although it was first described by…

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7 Reconstruction of the Nipple–Areola Complex

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 7 Reconstruction of the Nipple–Areola Complex

10.1055/b-0034-86524 7 Reconstruction of the Nipple–Areola Complex The final step in breast reconstruction is to recreate the nipple–areola complex (NAC). Although many patients initially think that this step is unnecessary,…

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6.6 Bilateral Breast Reconstruction

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 6.6 Bilateral Breast Reconstruction

10.1055/b-0034-66796 6.6 Bilateral Breast Reconstruction Bilateral reconstructive procedures have the advantage that symmetrical breast shape and volume (important to a satisfactory outcome) are more easily achieved than in unilateral reconstruction….

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6 Delayed Breast Reconstruction

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 6 Delayed Breast Reconstruction

10.1055/b-0034-66790 6 Delayed Breast Reconstruction With regard to the indication of the specific procedures and the difficult task of differential indication, the reader is referred to the subsections “Indications” and…

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