8 Prophylactic Subcutaneous Mastectomy

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 8 Prophylactic Subcutaneous Mastectomy

10.1055/b-0034-86525 8 Prophylactic Subcutaneous Mastectomy Subcutaneous mastectomy is defined as the complete removal of all breast tissue while leaving the nipple–areola complex intact. Dissection on the gland leaves more breast…

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5 Breast Deformities

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 5 Breast Deformities

10.1055/b-0034-66789 5 Breast Deformities As mentioned earlier, the breast—viewed as a fundamental symbol of femininity—is extremely important in a woman’s life, forming an integral part of her physical and psychological…

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6.2 Latissimus Dorsi Flap

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 6.2 Latissimus Dorsi Flap

10.1055/b-0034-66792 6.2 Latissimus Dorsi Flap Principles The discovery and use of the latissimus dorsi myocutaneous flap for breast reconstruction during the early and mid-1970s by German plastic surgeons (Mühlbauer and…

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4 Mastopexy and Reduction Mammaplasty

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 4 Mastopexy and Reduction Mammaplasty

10.1055/b-0034-66788 4 Mastopexy and Reduction Mammaplasty The indications for mastopexy or reduction mammaplasty are based on the physical examination as well as the patient’s individual aesthetic perception. While some patients…

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9 Modified Radical Mastectomy

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 9 Modified Radical Mastectomy

10.1055/b-0034-86526 9 Modified Radical Mastectomy Indications Breast-conserving surgery is now regarded throughout the world as being the standard procedure for the treatment of breast cancer. However, if it is contraindicated,…

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6.1 Implants/Expanders

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 6.1 Implants/Expanders

10.1055/b-0034-66791 6.1 Implants/Expanders The technique of tissue expansion, which was introduced by Radovan in the 1980 s and further developed by Argenta, paved the way for the use of implants…

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6.4 SGAP Flap

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 6.4 SGAP Flap

10.1055/b-0034-66794 6.4 SGAP Flap[Gagnon\, Alain R., Blondeel\, Phillip N.] It is well accepted that autogenous breast reconstruction can provide the most natural and long-lasting results. Nowadays, the abdomen constitutes the…

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3 Augmentation Mammaplasty

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 3 Augmentation Mammaplasty

10.1055/b-0034-66787 3 Augmentation Mammaplasty Breast augmentation with implants has become one of the most commonly performed plastic surgery procedures, and the numbers of procedures are increasing. The Breast Implant Registry…

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6.5 Free Transverse Myocutaneous Gracilis Flap

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 6.5 Free Transverse Myocutaneous Gracilis Flap

10.1055/b-0034-66795 6.5 Free Transverse Myocutaneous Gracilis Flap[Schoeller\, Thomas, Wechselberger\, Gottfried] The transverse myocutaneous gracilis (TMG) flap is a relatively new method in breast reconstruction. Although it was first described by…

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7 Reconstruction of the Nipple–Areola Complex

Jul 19, 2020 by in General Surgery Comments Off on 7 Reconstruction of the Nipple–Areola Complex

10.1055/b-0034-86524 7 Reconstruction of the Nipple–Areola Complex The final step in breast reconstruction is to recreate the nipple–areola complex (NAC). Although many patients initially think that this step is unnecessary,…

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