Facial Gender Differences in Nonsurgical Treatments and Treatment of the Tear Trough Deformity

What did Steve Jobs do for Apple? He did something different. He brought to a technology company the concept that design, and how a product is presented, are important. Before him, any computer you bought was just the same boring design; what the technology companies centered on was what was inside that computer, but Steve Jobs proved with Apple that design and presentation make a difference.

So, what connection does he have with facial aesthetics? We must never forget our face is our presentation card, the first impression others have of us. How we look helps us in our interaction with others and in our relationships. This is why aesthetic procedures are more and more popular in today’s world. And this is why the concept that beauty helps us escalate in our life, and in our career, proves true every day.

Looking good does count, as Forbes magazine proved CEOs earn more money when they are better looking. Studies at the University of Texas also showed that an attractive person can earn 3%–4% more than a less attractive peer. In another study, the University of Chicago showed that the more attractive a person is, the more confidence they have in themselves, and the better performance they show in all aspects of their lives.

Also, good design is shown as being glamorous and makes any product look more important and desirable, becoming itself an aspirational buy. This is what we as human beings, in this world, consciously or unconsciously, are seeking. Coming back to us humans, what makes us wanted by others? What make us look like an aspirational catch? Here I am not just referring to how the opposite sex or a future partner sees us, but how corporations see us, how even our own patients see us. The better design we have, the more aspirational we will be for others. Here it is obvious that males and females have clear differences in their structure; we carry preconceptions of male and female appearances, and how we (as men or women) want others to see us. Today, males and females do not necessarily have different goals, but it is clear in the end our sex does not matter, as each individual has his/her specific goal, one he/she owns. This is why I always like to come back to the essence. It is crucial to have the knowledge of the structural differences between a man and a woman, but we must listen to our patients to be able to construct the best treatment for him/her at a specific time and place.

We as surgeons often might want to do a great surgical technique that is just right for this patient, but it is up to the patient to decide if they want to have it or not. Today, it is not like before, where patients came to our office saying, “Doctor, what you think is best for me? You are the specialist.” More and more today, patients are participating actively in their treatment decisions. Because of easy access to information and techniques of today, patients just think they are surgeons already and many come not just asking, but with a demanding attitude: “This is what I want you to do on me,” and if they are not pleased, they will simply go to another doctor. Here, my friends, is where we as doctors need to remember our Hippocratic Oath, which says always give the best to our patients and never harm them.

So, how do you succeed in creating the best possible treatment plan for the patient? Well, if the patient is seeking a nonsurgical option and he/she needs a surgical approach according, to your assessment, then be clear about realistic expectations of the nonsurgical option, but never insist if they state from the beginning they do not want surgery.

Today, we are always running out of time. To have some days off has become a luxury for many, so when you have some free time, you need to weigh up to see how time can be better spent, in leisure time, with family, or in recovery from a surgical procedure.

It is also well known that in aesthetic procedures, we do not make molds and in particular, we can never attempt to use the same approach and treatment plan for males and females. Here are some important observations to bear in mind during a consultation.

Why Offer Nonsurgical Treatments? Male and Female Differences


  • Are more likely to not seek a huge change.

  • Do not like others to know they had an aesthetic procedure.

  • Prefer no downtime.

  • Are more impatient.

  • Have a better income to continue coming regularly for nonsurgical options.

  • See surgery as something more extreme.

  • Are more afraid of surgery.


  • Are more prone to share with their girlfriends that they had a procedure done.

  • Socialize more their concerns with others before making the decision to visit a specialist.

  • Tend to come with a specific idea of what they want.

  • Tend to have a fixed result in their minds; may even bring a picture of how they want to look after the procedure, “just like her.”

  • Are more spontaneous, impulsive buyers, so can end up having a procedure that is not best for them or that is not in the best place to be done. They can end up having the procedure done by a nonspecialist doctor.

  • Have more patience with the recovery period.

  • Are more willing to have some downtime.

Why Is it Important as Doctors to Have Different Treatment Approaches Between Male and Female Patients?

Because males want to be more private than women, a more private setting must be constructed when wanting to captivate male clients.

Women are more prone to wait for longer periods; they will wait longer for you in the waiting room. However, you need to be really sharp on the agenda with men, as they are not willing to wait for you, even if you are the best doctor.

You need to be more data-oriented with males, share more scientific data with them, less of a selling approach. Females want more what is a trending today and what their friends have had done.

Females want to be prettier, more seductive and younger, to not show their age. Males want to be more masculine and better than their contenders; also they want to look younger.

Important Anatomical Differences Between Males and Females

There are important anatomical differences between males and females. Dividing them in areas will facilitate the delivery of information to you. We will start giving a general view where we can see how the skull is bulkier in males and rounder in females. Now we will divided into 3 areas: the forehead, the zygomatic and the jawline. The forehead area is normally rounder in males and flatter in females, and where going down towards the supraorbital rim, the supraciliary arch in males is much more prominent than in females. In contrast the zygomatic region is more prominent in females than in males. And the jawline in males is wider, with a more prominent masseter muscle and more definition at the mandibular angle than in females.

Fig. 10.1

Male and female skull differences. A: Skull differences. B: Forehead differences. C: Zygomatic arch differences. D: Jawline differences.

Table 10.1

Important Anatomical Differences Between Males and Females

Skull The male skull is heavier and bulkier; the female skull is rounder and less prominent.
Forehead Males have a rounder forehead and females a flatter one. Regarding the supraorbital rim, there is a great distinction between males and females, which is that males have a rounder and more prominent supraorbital region and superciliary arch than females.
Zygomatic arch This is more prominent in males than in females.
Jawline Males have a more defined and wider jawline and mandibular angle, with more prominent masseter muscles than females.

Differences in Nonsurgical Facial Assessment Between Males and Females

Overall appearance/skin

It is important to have a regular skin tone for a better overall appearance and optimal result with our nonsurgical treatment approach.

Jun 23, 2021 | Posted by in Aesthetic plastic surgery | Comments Off on Facial Gender Differences in Nonsurgical Treatments and Treatment of the Tear Trough Deformity
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