Cervical Musculocutaneous Flap for Intraoral Lining



Cervical Musculocutaneous Flap for Intraoral Lining


H. SAITO





The lateral and median cervical skin flap (1), a modified version of previously reported methods (2, 3), is suitable for a reconstruction of intraoral defects smaller than 6 × 6 cm.




FLAP DESIGN AND DIMENSIONS

For the lateral cervical musculocutaneous flap, a vertical rectangular flap, usually 6 × 5 cm, is outlined on the lateral neck and is designed to be large enough to cover the defect. The tip can extend to just above the clavicle. The location of the base is usually 2 cm below the posterior half of the mandible and is 8 cm wide.

The procedure for the median cervical musculocutaneous flap is essentially the same as for the lateral flap, except the pedicle is based on the median submental region and is about 7 cm wide.






FIGURE 192.1 Schematic drawing of the lateral cervical musculocutaneous flap. A: To make the subcutaneous tissue-platysma muscle pedicle of this flap, a laterally based epidermal-dermal flap was raised and turned back on itself (arrow). The thick line indicates the incision line of the vertical lateral cervical flap. B: The flap is rotated as the arrow indicates and sutured to the mucosal defect. C: Final external appearance. (From Saito et al., ref. 1, with permission.)

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Jun 26, 2016 | Posted by in General Surgery | Comments Off on Cervical Musculocutaneous Flap for Intraoral Lining
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