Skin Island Orbicularis Oculi Musculocutaneous Flap for Lower Eyelid Reconstruction



Skin Island Orbicularis Oculi Musculocutaneous Flap for Lower Eyelid Reconstruction


R. V. ARGAMASO



A substantial loss of lower eyelid tissue may result from trauma or surgery. Reconstruction by skin-flap transfer has been of particular interest to reconstructive surgeons.




ANATOMY

The orbicularis oculi is a flat, circular muscle arising from the nasal part of the frontal bone, frontal process of the maxilla, and anterior surface of the medial palpebral ligament. The pretarsal and preseptal sections occupy the eyelids, while the orbital portion surrounds the orbits, spreading to the temple and down to the cheeks. The muscle layer is relatively thinner within the eyelids than that which surrounds the orbits.
The latter forms a complete ellipse without interruption. Its upper fibers blend with those of the frontalis and corrugator muscles.






FIGURE 18.1 A: Diagram of the skin island outlined above the eyebrow. The flap should be as wide as the defect of the lower lid. Broken lines delineate the muscle pedicle. B: The skin island is sutured in place. The muscle pedicle, actually wider than the width of the skin island, lies in a subcutaneous tunnel.

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Jun 26, 2016 | Posted by in General Surgery | Comments Off on Skin Island Orbicularis Oculi Musculocutaneous Flap for Lower Eyelid Reconstruction
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